Qatar is a country of vision. A vision of an inclusive, modern society, supported by the best contemporary infrastructure and learning, developed to exacting standards of excellence. Qatar is a peninsula situated in the Arabian Gulf, the heart of Arabia. Surrounded by sea on three sides, it looks out towards the world; yet at its back remains the historic influence of the desert landscape. Its territory comprises a number of islands including Halul, Sheraouh, Al Ashat and others. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. A strait in the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island country of Bahrain, as well as sharing maritime borders with the United Arab Emirates and Iran.

The Qatari nation has a deep sense of purpose and sense of self, which enables its people to embrace great change while retaining their traditional values of integrity and determination, instilled with a shared vision of progress, development and community that is quickly driving the country to new heights.

Qatar initially was a pearl-trading community, a commercial hub within Arabia. Those commercial skills now have a new direction and energy. With the discovery of hydrocarbons, Qatar is taking its place in the wider global community. Today, desert forts and traditional fishing villages exist side by side with prestigious state-of-the-art office towers, advanced high-tech oil and gas refineries and the powerhouse atmosphere of international commerce.

The beauty of Qatar’s coastline is now being appreciated by a whole new generation who come to enjoy its glittering resorts or to make their homes in vibrant communities. Local, regional and international investors are realizing the potential of Qatar’s beautiful coastline as a tourist destination. The government’s development plan, outlined in its Qatar National Vision 2030, ensures that the country’s growth is sustainable and sympathetic to the environment and local culture.

Throughout Qatar you will find abundant ground-breaking architectural designs completed or underway. Hamad International Airport, Education City, the Museum of Islamic Arts, Qatar Science and Technology Park, Energy City are a few testimonials to the development.

Qatar has also emerged as a growing Sporting, MICE and cultural destination. For the Doha Asian Games 2006 alone, Qatar constructed over 40 hotels, 180 office and residential towers, and four world-class museums. The legacy of the Asian Games was a new benchmark in Qatar’s rich history of hosting international sporting events, and has helped Doha to become the destination of choice for such high-profile events as the planned FIFA World Cup in 2022.

Facts About Qatar

  • Topographic Features
    • The terrain is flat and rocky with some low-rising limestone outcrops in Dukhan area in the west and JabalFuwairit in the north. It is characterized by a variety of geographical phenomena including many coves, inlets, depressions and surface rainwater-draining basins known as Riyadh (the gardens), which are found mainly in the north and central part of the peninsula. These areas have the most fertile soil and are rich in vegetation.
  • Land Area
    • Total land area is approximately over 11,581 square kilometres
  • Capital City
    • Doha
  • Population
    • 2.82million as of August 2016
  • Official Language
    • Arabic
    • English is widely spoken
  • Religion
    • Islam is the official religion of the country, and the Shariah (Islamic Law) is a main source of its legislations
  • Government
    • Unitary absolute monarchy
    • Emir His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
  • Economy
    • Qatar has prospered in the last several years with continued high real GDP growth.
    • GDP is driven largely by the oil and gas sector; however, growth in manufacturing, construction, and financial services have lifted the non-oil sectors to just over half of Qatar’s nominal GDP. Economic policy is focused on sustaining Qatar’s non-associated natural gas reserves and increasing private and foreign investment in non-energy sectors, but oil and gas still account for roughly 92% of export earnings, and 56% of government revenues. Oil and gas have made Qatar the world’s highest per-capita income country and the country with the lowest unemployment. Proved oil reserves in excess of 25 billion barrels should enable continued output at current levels for about 56 years. Qatar’s proved reserves of natural gas exceed 25 trillion cubic meters, about 13% of the world total and third largest in the world.
  • Qatar’s successful 2022 FIFA World Cup bid is accelerating large-scale infrastructure projects such as its metro system, light rail system, construction of a new port, roads, stadiums and related sporting infrastructure.
  • USD 132,886 (PPP)


  • Climate
    • Moderate desert climate with long hot summers and short mild winters and little rain during the winter months.
  • Currency
    • Qatari Riyal (QAR / QR) which is divided into 100 Dirhams.
    • The Exchange parity has been set at the fixed rate of 1 US$ being equivalent to 3.6415 QARs.
  • Time Zone
    • GMT +3hrs
  • National Flag
    • The national flag is maroon colour with a broad vertical white stripe at the pole, the two colours being separated with a nine-point serrated line
  • National Day
    • The 18th of December every year in commemoration of Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammad Bin Thani, the founder of the State of Qatar
  • National Animal
    • Arabian Oryx
  • National Bird
    • Falcon
  • National Fruit
    • Dates
  • National Flower
    • Qataf
  • National Airline
    • Qatar Airways